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New Hours for Lima Public Transportation

18 January – Starting today the public transportation service in Lima and Callao will have new hours of operation, following the new provisions of the Government announced late Sunday night.

  • Metropolitano service will be provided Monday through Saturday from 5:15 a.m. to 10:30 p.m. on the trunk route and until 11:30 p.m. on its feeder services. On Sundays from 5:15 a.m. to 10 p.m. on the trunk route and until 11 p.m. on its feeder services. Stations and terminals will close their doors at 10:30 p.m.
  • Line 1 of the Lima and Callao Metro will operate from Monday to Saturday from 5 a.m. to 10 p.m. and on Sundays from 5:30 a.m. to 10 p.m.
  • The Complementary Corridors will operate from Monday to Sunday from 5 a.m. to 10:30 p.m., with their regular services.
  • The regular transportation service in Lima and Callao will operate from Monday to Sunday from 4:30 a.m. to 12 a.m. (midnight). (midnight).
  • Cab service authorized by the ATU will be able to operate 24 hours a day. Between 12:00 a.m. and 4:00 a.m., people who provide essential services and have a valid work pass or credential from their work center may be transported. Those who need medical attention or those who are going to the airport with their air ticket will also be allowed to travel.

Beaches, Lakes, River Banks, and Pools to be Closed

30 December – The Peruvian Government has ordered the closure of beaches along the entire Peruvian coast on December 31 and January 1. Also included in this measure approved Wednesday by the Council of Ministers are river banks, lakes, and public swimming pools.

The use of sand or stone rest areas facing the sea, sea zones, river banks, lakes or lagoons, and public swimming pools is prohibited.

Non-contact water sports are exempted from this restriction: surfing, sailing, rowing, among others, which take place exclusively in the sea area and with physical distancing.

“Beach or swimming pool areas will not be open on December 31, 2021, and January 1, 2022. They will be open the rest of the days but with limited capacity and adopting the preventive measures,” said Hernando Cevallos, the head of the Ministry of Health (Minsa). “Law enforcement agents and local governments will be in charge of monitoring compliance with this order.”

Cellular Plans to Allow Free Roaming Across Andean Community

25 December – As of January 1, Peruvians and residents can use their postpaid cellular plans (voice, SMS and data services) without any additional surcharge in any of the member countries of the Andean Community (Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru), with the same line number. (Note that this doesn’t apply to pre-paid plans which most tourists use.)

This benefit for the inhabitants of the sub-region is part of a regulation that was approved on February 19, 2020 and comes into force on the first day of the year 2022. In it, the Ministry of Transport and Communications (MTC) and the regulatory body OSIPTEL maintained a technical and coordinated work of months of negotiation with the other countries.

“This is good news to start the new year, as it will allow to further unite the brother countries of the Andean Community so that their citizens can use their lines without surcharges when they arrive to any of the four nations”, highlighted the Minister of Transport and Communications (MTC), Juan Silva.

It should be recalled that international roaming service providers may not under any circumstances condition or charge additional charges or retail rates different from those established for the use of this service. This is in addition to the fact that roaming is only activated if the user previously and expressly requests it to his/her provider.

In this way, the MTC contributes to improve connectivity and accessibility, as well as to guarantee the exercise of citizens’ rights through the progressive and gradual reduction of international roaming costs in Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru, which is necessary for the progress of the economic integration process of the Andean sub-region.

“The MTC promotes measures to sustain the needs of the new digital economy and the international mobility of end users of the mobile telecommunications service,” added Silva.

Players Named for Next Round of World Cup Qualifying

30 October – Ricardo Gareca, coach of the Peruvian National Team, announced the list of 28 players called up for the next round of matches against Bolivia and Venezuela in South America’s qualifying for the Qatar 2022 World Cup.

Goalkeepers
Pedro Gallese – Orlando City
Carlos Cáceda – FBC Melgar
José Carvallo – Universitario

Defenders
Aldo Corzo – Universitario
Luis Abram – Granada
Luis Advíncula – Boca Juniors
Jhilmar Lora – Sporting Cristal
Miguel Araujo – FC Emenn
Carlos Zambrano – Boca Juniors
Christian Ramos – Cesar Vallejo
Alexander Callens – New York City
Miguel Trauco – Saint Ettiene
Marcos Lopez – San Jose Earthquakes
Nilson Loyola – Sporting Cristal
Midfielders
Renato Tapia – Celta
Wilder Cartagena – Al Ittihad
Pedro Aquino – America
Yoshimar Yotun – Cruz Azul
Christofer Gonzales – Sporting Cristal
Horacio Calcaterra – Sporting Cristal
Sergio Peña – Malmo FF
Christian Cueva – Al-Fateh
Raziel Garcia – Cienciano
Andre Carrillo – Al Hilal FC
Gabriel Costa – Colo Colo

Forwards
Jefferson Farfan – Alianza Lima
Gianluca Lapadula – Benevento
Alex Valera – Universitario

The next qualifying game will be November 11 in Lima’s Estadio Nacional against Bolivia at 9 pm. Five days later, Peru will travel to face Venezuela on November 16 at 6 pm.

Ipsos Survey: Most Peruvians Think the Country is Disunited

29 September – According to the latest Ipsos survey, 72% of the population believe that Peru today is a disunited country with 41% of respondents believing that Peruvians are “very disunited”. Only 23% considered that Peru today is a united country.

According to the survey, the issues that disunite Peruvians are political and ideological differences (59%), social differences (39%), racial differences (34%), different interpretations of terrorism (32%), language differences (16%), geographical differences (7%) and different interpretations of our history (6%).

Respondents considered that the issues that most unite Peruvians are football/soccer) (48%), gastronomy (38%), freedom and democracy (28%), cultural diversity (24%), the desire to emerge (22%), music (16%), our millenary history (14%) and our heroes (6%). One percent believes that nothing unites Peruvians.

Those surveyed believe that unity among Peruvians should be promoted by each one of us (51%), the family (44%), the President of the Republic (32%), Congress (20%), schools (20%), the press (18%) and political parties (15%).

According to the survey, 61% believe Pedro Castillo lacks leadership capacity to solve country’s problems with only 32% believing he does have the ability. 44% of respondents think that the most worrying for the country is that Vladimir Cerron has too much influence in Pedro Castillo’s government.

51% of men think that Castillo does not have the capabilities to govern and 64% of women think the same. In Lima, 73% expressed an unfavorable opinion of the president while in outside regions, 54% disapproved of the president.

33% are concerned that President Castillo insists on changing the Constitution, thus generating instability in the country. 30% said they are concerned that Castillo will scare away private investment and jobs will not be created. Other issues noted in the surbey are the presence in Castillo’s entourage of militants or sympathizers of Sendero Luminoso or Movadef (28%), that he will foment disunity among Peruvians, and class struggle (22%). Only 5% said they were not concerned at all and 5% did not specify an answer.

51% of those polled believe that the president’s priority should be to transmit confidence to the country so that private investment increases and more jobs are created with 38% saying that the priority is for Castillo to remove from his government those who have links with terrorism.

37% pointed out that the appointment of qualified and honest professionals in public positions is a matter of primary importance for the government and 35% said the same of accelerating the vaccination plan.

The rejection of Vladimir Cerrón’s participation in President Castillo’s government is overwhelming. A total of 83% think that he should be removed from the government because he has been sentenced for corruption including 90% of those polled in Lima. with 80% against Cerrón’s government participation.

Only 9% at the national level (6% in Lima, 10% in the regions) said that Cerron is an important support for President Castillo and that he should continue to be close to his government.

When asked what could be the reasons why President Pedro Castillo has not definitively distanced Cerron, 26% said that the president does not have the strength and leadership to break with the founder of Peru Libre. Another 26% believe that Castillo does not want to break the link with Cerron in order not to lose the support of the Peru Libre party with 21% thinking that he does not do it because they are political allies and therefore they will continue together. 18% think that Castillo will not break with Cerron because Cerron has compromising information about the president.

[The Ipsos survey was conducted from September 24 to 25 among 1,213 people. The study has a margin of error +/- 2,815%, with a confidence level of 95%.]

Peruvian National Men’s Team for Upcoming World Cup Qualifying

25 September – Men’s head coach Ricardo Gareca announced the players called up for the next round of World cup Qualifying which includes the return of Jefferson Farfan, Carlos Zambrano and Santiago Ormeño to the national team.

Peru will face Chile, which will be without star Arturo Vidal who will sit out thanks to an accumulation of yellow cards, on Thursday, October 7 at 8:00 p.m. at the National Stadium in Lima.

Three days later, on Sunday, October 10 at 3:00 p.m., the team travels to Hernando Siles Stadium (3681m) in La Paz, Bolivia.

On Thursday, October 14 at 6:30 p.m. they will face Argentina at the Monumental de Núñez in Buenos Aires.

The 30-players for this crucial 3-game qualifying stretch are:

Goalkeepers: Carlos Cáceda (FBC Melgar), José Carvallo (Universitario), as well as Pedro Gallese (Orlando City).

Defenders: Jhilmar Lora (Sporting Cristal), Anderson Santamaría (Club Atlas), Luis Abram (Granda), Luis Advíncula (Boca Juniors), Christian Ramos (Club UCV), Marcos López (San José Éarthquakes), Miguel Trauco (Saint-Étienne), Alexander Callens (New York City), Carlos Zambrano (Boca Juniors) and Miguel Araujo (FC Emmen).

Midfielders: Renato Tapia (Celta de Vigo), Christian Cueva (Al-Fateh SC), Sergio Peña (Malmö FF), Christofer Gonzáles (Sporting Cristal), Yoshimar Yotún (Cruz Azul), Raziel García (Cienciano), Wilder Cartagena (Al-Ittihad Kalba), Edison Flores (DC United), Gabriel Costa (Colo Colo), as well as André Carrillo (Al-Hilal Saudi FC) and Pedro Aquino (Club América de México).

Forwards: Paolo Guerrero (S.C. Internacional), Gianluca Lapadula (Benevento), Raúl Ruidíaz (Seattle Sounders), Santiago Ormeño (Club León), Jefferson Farfán (Alianza Lima) and Yordy Reyna (D.C. United).

Abimael Guzmán, Shining Path Founder, Dies

11 September – Abimael Guzmán died Saturday morning at the age of 86 just one day before the 29th anniversary of his capture. He had been serving a life sentence for terrorism and treason since 1992.

In July he suffered health problems and was transferred from a maximum security prison to a hospital.

Guzmán was born on Peru’s southern coast near the town of Mollendo in December 1934 to a wealthy merchant who raised him after Guzmán’s mother died. With a privileged upbringing, he attended a private Catholic secondary school and later the university in Arequipa, where one of his dissertations was on German philosopher Immanuel Kant.

While at university he became interested in Marxism. By 1962 he was a professor of philosophy at San Cristóbal of Huamanga National University in the central city of Ayacucho.

During a trip to China in 1965 Guzmán was inspired by Communist leader Mao Zedong and upon his return to Peru he encouraged other academics to join him at the university in Ayacucho.

In 1969, he and 11 others founded the Sendero Luminoso (“Shining Path”) The name was chosen as a nod to Peruvian communist José Carlos Mariátegui who said that “Marxism-Leninism is the shining path of the future”.The group tried to lead a “people’s war” to overthrow Peru’s “bourgeois democracy” and establish a communist state. An offshoot of the Communist Party of Peru, the group did not engage in armed struggle at first.

In 1980 the Peruvian military which had been ruling Peru for 12 years allowed democratic elections to be held. The Shining Path not only boycotted the election but actively disrupted it by burning ballot boxes in Ayacucho. The guerrilla group’s aim was to establish a communist state and therefore it was not interested in democratic polls.

The group began to impose itself on rural areas by killing villagers suspected of siding with the government and through show trials and public executions. Assassinations and car bombings which its members carried out in the following years contributed to the deaths of an estimated 70,000 Peruvians during their reign of terror.

The government imposed a state of emergency in the highlands and armed local militias known as rondas to fight back. The atrocities committed by the military in its fight against the rebels drove some people, especially in rural areas, to side with the Shining Path.

Violence was not confined to rural areas as bombings in Lima became more and more common. In 1992, two truck bombs detonated by the Shining Path in Lima’s Miraflores district killed 25 and injured 155 more.

The reign of terror effectively came to an end in September 1992, when Peruvian intelligence finally captured Guzmán and a number of other leaders above a dance studio in Lima.

Judges wearing hoods to obscure their identities sentenced Guzmán to life in prison after a three-day trial under new judicial procedures imposed by then-President Alberto Fujimori just months earlier.

He was sent to be held at an offshore naval base on San Lorenzo island.

A number of senior members of the Shining Path have been captured since Guzmán’s arrest and the group has been largely dismantled. Only small remnants remain active in the Andes regions where they engage mainly in drug-trafficking, but occasional violence against police, the military, and even civilians still occurs in the area known as the VRAEM (the valley of the Apurímac, Ene, and Mantaro rivers).

Guzmán underwent another, longer trial in 2004, after President Fujimori’s authoritarian measures were repealed. Restrictions on the media were tight, preventing reporters from following the proceedings.

He was convicted of aggravated terrorism and murder in October 2006, and again received a life sentence.

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